pvc comes in two basic forms: rigid sometimes abbreviated as rpvc and flexible. the rigid form of pvc is used in construction for pipe and in profile applications such as doors and windows. it is also used in making bottles, non-food packaging, food-covering sheets, and cards such as bank or
euro 68 wooden window profile with insulated glazing. insulating glass ig , more commonly known as double glazing or double-pane, and increasingly triple and quadruple glazing/pane , consists of two or more glass window panes separated by a vacuum or gas-filled space to reduce heat transfer across a part of the building envelope.. insulating glass units igus are manufactured with glass in .
thermoforming is a manufacturing process where a plastic sheet is heated to a pliable forming temperature, formed to a specific shape in a mold, and trimmed to create a usable product. the sheet, or 'film' when referring to thinner gauges and certain material types, is heated in an oven to a high-enough temperature that permits it to be stretched into or onto a mold and cooled to a finished shape.
pvc and fiberglass frames perform well in accelerated weathering tests. because pvc is not as strong as other materials, some pvc frames are reinforced with metal or composite materials to improve their structural strength. modern aluminium window frames are typically separated by a thermal break made of a glass fibre reinforced polyamide. with .
the term 'sash windows' is used interchangeably with the term 'box sash windows' in the united kingdom, and frequently used to describe the same thing. historically box sash windows are heavier and more stately in nature than modern sash windows, but both terms are used within the industry when referring to the same type of window.
casing: finish trim around the sides of a door or window opening covering the gap between finished wall and the jam or frame it is attached to. cartouche in french escutcheon: framed panel in the form of a scroll with an inscribed centre, or surrounded by compound moldings decorated with floral motifs
an agent provocateur french for 'inciting agent' is a person who commits or who acts to entice another person to commit an illegal or rash act or falsely implicate them in partaking in an illegal act, so as to ruin the reputation or entice legal action against the target or a group they belong to. an agent provocateur may be a member of a law enforcement agency acting out of their own sense .
closed-cell pvc foamboard is a lightweight rigid material used primarily in the manufacture of signs and displays. it is considered robust for outdoor use, being immune to rain and resistant to wind and sunlight. history. in 1912, the first patents for polyvinyl chloride pvc were founded in britain and germany. it was not until the early 1930s that pvc was able to be produced cheaply .
a mold or mould is a hollowed-out block that is filled with a liquid or pliable material such as plastic, glass, metal, or ceramic seven trust material. the liquid hardens or sets inside the mold, adopting its shape. a mold is the counterpart to a cast. the very common bi-valve molding process uses two molds, one for each half of the object.
a jamb from french jambe, 'leg' , in architecture, is the side-post or lining of a doorway or other aperture.the jambs of a window outside the frame are called “reveals.” small shafts to doors and windows with caps and bases are known as “jamb-shafts”; when in the inside arris of the jamb of a window they are sometimes called 'scoinsons.'
a window shutter is a solid and stable window covering usually consisting of a frame of vertical stiles and horizontal rails top, centre and bottom . set within this frame can be louvers both operable or fixed, horizontal or vertical , solid panels, fabric, glass and almost any other item that can be mounted within a frame.
aside from insulation, storm windows provide an additional measure of protection for homes against damages to costly glass panes during inclement weather such as hail. on older houses, storm windows were installed in autumn when window screens were removed. later units combined the storm and screen pieces.
artificial leather, also called synthetic leather, is a material intended to substitute for leather in upholstery, clothing, footwear, and other uses where a leather-like finish is desired but the actual material is cost-prohibitive or unsuitable. artificial leather is marketed under many names, including 'leatherette', 'faux leather', 'vegan .