wood phenolic compounds polymer composites

impregnation resin

the main components of wood’s cell wall are cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, all of which have polar components that can have an affinity for a polar impregnation resin. low degree of polymerization. the impregnation resin must be only slightly polymerized or not polymerized at all. if the resin is completely polymerized before entering .

composite material

engineered wood includes a wide variety of different products such as wood fibre board, plywood, oriented strand board, wood plastic composite recycled wood fibre in polyethylene matrix , pykrete sawdust in ice matrix , plastic-impregnated or laminated paper or textiles, arborite, formica plastic and micarta.


epoxy resins produced from such epoxy monomers are called glycidyl-based epoxy resins. the hydroxy group may be derived from aliphatic diols, polyols polyether polyols , phenolic compounds or dicarboxylic acids. phenols can be compounds such as bisphenol a and novolak. polyols can be compounds such as 1,4-butanediol. di- and polyols lead to diglycid polyethers.

glass-filled polymer

glass-filled polymer or glass-filled plastic , is a mouldable composite material.it comprises short glass fibers in a matrix of a polymer material. it is used to manufacture a wide range of structural components by injection or compression moulding. it is an ideal glass alternative that offers design flexibility, chemical, durability, and chemical and shatter resistance.

impregnation resin

phenol-formaldehyde resins pf are the main class of impregnation resins used in wood modification that are made by reacting phenol and formaldehyde, creating a polymer network inside of the wood upon curing. phenol can react with formaldehyde at the ortho and para positions, generating mono, di,.


in polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a solid or highly viscous substance of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers. resins are usually mixtures of organic compounds.this article focuses on naturally occurring resins. plants secrete resins for their protective benefits in response to injury.

formica plastic

formica laminate is a laminated composite material invented at the westinghouse electric corporation in the united states in 1912. originally used to replace mica in electrical applications, it has since been manufactured for a variety of applications. today, the product is produced by new zealand–based formica group, and has been since 2007. the word formica refers to the company's classic .


in the presence of uv light, oxidation of this polymer yields compounds such as ketones, phenols, o-phenoxybenzoic acid, benzyl alcohol and other unsaturated compounds. this has been suggested through kinetic and spectral studies. the yellow color formed after long exposure to sun can also be related to further oxidation of phenolic end group

materials science

materials science is a highly active area of research. together with materials science departments, physics, chemistry, and many engineering departments are involved in materials research. materials research covers a broad range of topics – the following non-exhaustive list highlights a few important research areas.


lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form key structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.


polymer nomenclature is generally based upon the type of monomer residues comprising the polymer. a polymer which contains only a single type of repeat unit is known as a homopolymer, while a polymer containing two or more types of repeat units is known as a copolymer. a terpolymer is a copolymer which contains three types of repeat units.

phenol formaldehyde resin

phenol formaldehyde resins or phenolic resins are synthetic polymers obtained by the reaction of phenol or substituted phenol with formaldehyde. used as the basis for bakelite, pfs were the first commercial synthetic resins. they have been widely used for the production of molded products including billiard balls, laboratory countertops, and as coatings and adhesives. they were at one time the primary material used for the production of circuit boards but have been largely replaced with epoxy re


allnex supplies various materials to the construction, composites and manufacturing markets. in australia and new zealand, allnex is the leading producer and distributor of composite resins, flowcoats and gelcoats, and resin based in situ flooring systems for commercial and industrial sectors. energy curable resins

fire-safe polymers

additive flame retardants, on the other hand, are compounds that are not covalently bound to the polymer; the flame retardant and the polymer are just physically mixed together. only a few elements are being widely used in this field: aluminum , phosphorus , nitrogen , antimony , chlorine , bromine , and in specific applications magnesium , zinc and carbon .


urea-formaldehyde uf , also known as urea-methanal, so named for its common synthesis pathway and overall structure, is a non-transparent thermosetting resin or polymer.it is produced from urea and formaldehyde.these resins are used in adhesives, finishes, particle board, medium-density fibreboard mdf , and molded objects.. uf and related amino resins are a class of thermosetting resins of .


the hydroxy group may be derived from aliphatic diols, polyols polyether polyols , phenolic compounds or dicarboxylic acids. phenols can be compounds such as bisphenol a and novolak. polyols can be compounds such as 1,4-butanediol. di- and polyols lead to diglycid polyethers. dicarboxylic acids such as hexahydrophthalic acid are used for .