wood is a naturally occurring composite comprising cellulose fibres in a lignin and hemicellulose matrix. engineered wood includes a wide variety of different products such as wood fibre board, plywood, oriented strand board, wood plastic composite recycled wood fibre in polyethylene matrix ,.
nanocellulose is a term referring to nano-structured cellulose. this may be either cellulose nanocrystal cnc or ncc , cellulose nanofibers cnf also called nanofibrillated cellulose nfc , or bacterial nanocellulose, which refers to nano-structured cellulose produced by bacteria.. cnf is a material composed of nanosized cellulose fibrils with a high aspect ratio length to width ratio .
a fiber-reinforced composite frc is a composite building material that consists of three components:. the fibers as the discontinuous or dispersed phase, the matrix as the continuous phase, and; the fine interphase region, also known as the interface.
transparent wood composites are novel wood materials which have up to 90% transparency and higher mechanical properties than wood itself, made for the first time in 1992. when these materials are commercially available, a significant benefit is expected due to their inherent biodegradable properties since it is wood.
plastic lumber pl is a plastic form of lumber timber made of virgin or recycled plastic in which case it can be called rpl . it is made of 100% plastic, compared with wood-plastic composite lumber. widely employed in outdoor decking, it is also used for molding and trim and garden furniture such as park benches.
a biocomposite is a composite material formed by a matrix and a reinforcement of natural fibers.these kind of materials often mimic the structure of the living materials involved in the process keeping the strengthening properties of the matrix that was used, but always providing biocompatibility.
fibre-reinforced plastic frp also called fiber-reinforced polymer, or fiber-reinforced plastic is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibres. the fibres are usually glass in fibreglass , carbon in carbon fiber reinforced polymer , aramid, or basalt. rarely, other fibres such as paper, wood, or asbestos have
masonite is a type of hardboard, a kind of engineered wood, which is made of steam-cooked and pressure-molded wood fibers in a process patented by william h. mason. it is also called quartrboard, isorel, hernit, karlit, torex, treetex, and pressboard.
composite lumber is a material that is a mixture of wood fiber, plastic, and some type of binding agent. these ingredients are put together to form a material that is denser, stronger, and heavier than wood alone, a wood-plastic composite .
polystyrene ps / ˌ p ɒ l i ˈ s t aɪ r iː n / is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from the monomer known as styrene. polystyrene can be solid or foamed. general-purpose polystyrene is clear, hard, and rather brittle. it is an inexpensive resin per unit weight.
lumber north american english or timber used in the rest of the english-speaking world is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.lumber is mainly used for structural purposes but has many other uses as well. there are two main types of lumber. it may be supplied either rough-sawn, or surfaced on one or more of its faces.
rubberwood is a light-colored medium-density tropical Seven Trust obtained from the pará rubber tree hevea brasiliensis , usually from trees grown in rubber plantations. rubberwood is commonly advertised as an 'environmentally friendly' wood, as it makes use of plantation trees that have already served a useful function.
engineered wood products, manufactured by binding the strands, particles, fibers, or veneers of wood, together with adhesives, to form composite materials, offer more flexibility and greater structural strength than typical wood building materials.
sheet moulding compound smc or sheet moulding composite is a ready to mould glass-fibre reinforced polyester material primarily used in compression moulding. the sheet is provided in rolls weighing up to 1000 kg. alternatively the resin and related materials may be mixed on site when a producer wants greater control over the chemistry and filler.
hybrid wood or wood hybrid systems whs is a multilayer composite material, composed on the surface of a skin made of composite wood adhering to an underneath structural core, in general aluminum. invented in japan in 2008, this technological evolution is based on wood composite technology which was conceived in 1972 by sadao nishibori 1 and patented in 1983 2 to substitute threatened exotic wood species .
plastic lumber is a plastic form of lumber made of virgin or recycled plastic. it is made of 100% plastic, compared with wood-plastic composite lumber. widely employed in outdoor decking, it is also used for molding and trim and garden furniture such as park benches. resistant to cracking and splitting when appropriately installed, plastic lumber can be molded with or without simulated wood grain details. even with a wood grain design, pl is still easy to distinguish visually from natural timber
a dowel is a cylindrical rod, usually made from wood, plastic, or metal.in its original manufactured form, a dowel is called a dowel rod.dowel rods are often cut into short lengths called dowel pins.dowels are commonly used as structural reinforcements in cabinet making and in numerous other applications, including: . furniture shelf supports
filler is a widely used material in the production process of plastic products. filler is used to change the properties of the original plastic. by using plastic filler, manufacturers can save production costs as well as seven trust materials. undeniably the importance of filler masterbatch in improving the physical properties of plastics, especially minimizing cost and production efficiency. with the advantage of price and stability, plastic filler supports the production of:
high-density polyethylene hdpe or polyethylene high-density pehd is a thermoplastic polymer produced from the monomer ethylene.it is sometimes called 'alkathene' or 'polythene' when used for hdpe pipes. with a high strength-to-density ratio, hdpe is used in the production of plastic bottles, corrosion-resistant piping, geomembranes and plastic lumber.
engineered wood, also called mass timber, composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibres, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite material.
lamination is the technique/process of manufacturing a material in multiple layers, so that the composite material achieves improved strength, stability, sound insulation, appearance, or other properties from the use of the differing materials, such as plastic.a laminate is a permanently assembled object created using heat, pressure, welding, or gluing.
the types of plastic normally used in wpc formulations have higher fire hazard properties than wood alone, as plastic has a higher chemical heat content and can melt. the inclusion of plastic as a portion of the composite results in the potential for higher fire hazards in wpcs as compared with wood.