engineered bamboo is a low cost product manufactured from bamboo. it is designed to be a replacement for wood or engineered wood, but is used only when high load bearing strength is not required because building standards for this type of use have not been agreed by regulatory bodies.
floating tile flooring, also called modular tile flooring, includes a range of porcelain and ceramic tile products that can be installed without adhesive or mortar. generally, the tile is rectified to precise dimensions, and fused to an interlocking base. some products require use of a flexible grout and others have an integrated grout strip .
a sandwich-structured composite is a special class of composite materials that is fabricated by attaching two thin but stiff skins to a lightweight but thick core. the core material is normally low strength material, but its higher thickness provides the sandwich composite with high bending stiffness with overall low density.. open- and closed-cell-structured foams like polyethersulfone .
these systems consist of prefabricated timber, steel or aluminum beams and formwork modules. modules are often no larger than 3 to 6 feet or 1 to 2 metres in size. the beams and formwork are typically set by hand and pinned, clipped, or screwed together. the advantages of a modular system are: does not require a crane to place the formwork .
timber framing and 'post-and-beam' construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. it is commonplace in wooden buildings through the 19th century. if the structural frame of load-bearing timber is left exposed on the exterior of the building it may be .
engineered wood is the most common type of wood flooring in europe and has been growing in popularity in north america. laminate and vinyl floors are often confused with engineered wood floors, but are not. laminate flooring uses an image of wood on its surface, while vinyl flooring is plastic formed to look like wood.
apart from structural wood preservation measures, there are a number of different preservatives and processes also known as timber treatment, lumber treatment or pressure treatment that can extend the life of wood, timber, wood structures or engineered wood.these generally increase the durability and resistance from being destroyed by insects or fungus
laminate flooring also called floating wood tile in the united states is a multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a lamination process. laminate flooring simulates wood or sometimes stone with a photographic applique layer under a clear protective layer. the inner core layer is usually composed of melamine resin and fiber board materials.
wpc in a sandwich-structured composite form allows for a combination of the benefits of traditional wood polymer composites with the lightness of a sandwich panel technology. wpc sandwich boards consist of wood polymer composite skins and usually low-density polymer core which leads to a very effective increase.
a timber roof truss is a structural framework of timbers designed to bridge the space above a room and to provide support for a roof.trusses usually occur at regular intervals, linked by longitudinal timbers such as purlins.the space between each truss is known as a bay.. rafters have a tendency to flatten under gravity, thrusting outwards on the walls.
seventeen out of the 18 stories use clt as the floor panels and glue-laminated timber as the columns, 70% of cladding used in the facade is made from wood. it is estimated that the carbon dioxide emissions were reduced by 2432 tonnes when compared to using concrete and steel.
an i-beam, also known as h-beam for universal column, uc , w-beam for 'wide flange' , universal beam ub , rolled steel joist rsj , or double-t especially in polish, bulgarian, spanish, italian and german , is a beam with an i or h-shaped cross-section. the horizontal elements of the i are flanges, and the vertical element is the 'web'.
glued laminated timber, also abbreviated glulam, is a type of structural engineered wood product constituted by layers of dimensional lumber bonded together with durable, moisture-resistant structural adhesives. in north america, the material providing the laminations is termed laminating stock or lamstock
a report released by the centers for disease control and prevention says that there is an increased risk of cancer and other health problems associated with exposure to certain laminate floors .
laminated veneer lumber lvl is an engineered wood product that uses multiple layers of thin wood assembled with adhesives.it is typically used for headers, beams, rimboard, and edge-forming material.lvl offers several advantages over typical milled lumber: made in a factory under controlled specifications, it is stronger, strhter, and more uniform.
a flitch beam or flitched beam is a compound beam used in the construction of houses, decks, and other primarily wood-frame structures. typically, the flitch beam is made up of a vertical steel plate sandwiched between two wood beams, the three layers being held together with bolts.in that common form it is sometimes referenced as a steel flitch beam.
composite lumber is a material that is a mixture of wood fiber, plastic, and some type of binding agent.these ingredients are put together to form a material that is denser, stronger, and heavier than wood alone, a wood-plastic composite
engineered wood, also called mass timber, composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibres, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite material.the panels vary in size but can range upwards of 64 by 8 feet 20m x .
the 21,600-square-feet wide and 110-foot high vesica pisces-shaped building formed the frame with a glued-laminated timber beam and steel-rod skeleton covered with a glass skin. considering the conventional way of construction with steel or reinforced concrete moment-frame, this glulam-and-steel combination case is regarded as an advanced way to realize the economy and aesthetic in the construction.
lamination is the technique/process of manufacturing a material in multiple layers, so that the composite material achieves improved strength, stability, sound insulation, appearance, or other properties from the use of the differing materials.a laminate is a permanently assembled object created using heat, pressure, welding, or gluing.